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NASA’s Moon Mission Mishap Sparks Reflection on ISRO’s Chandrayaan 3 Triumph

ScienceNASA's Moon Mission Mishap Sparks Reflection on ISRO's Chandrayaan 3 Triumph

**A Closer Look at NASA’s Moon Mission Mishap and ISRO’s Chandrayaan 3 Triumph**

When it comes to space exploration, challenges and setbacks are an inherent part of the journey. The recent setback suffered by a private company’s spacecraft, funded by NASA, has once again underscored the complexities and uncertainties associated with moon missions. The failed attempt at a moon landing on February 23 has reignited discussions about the intricate nature of space exploration and has prompted reflection on the successful Chandrayaan 3 mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 2023.

The private firm, Astrobotic Technology, faced a significant hurdle when its spacecraft, named Peregrine, experienced a “critical” fuel leak just hours after its launch from Cape Canaveral Space Force Station. Despite initially orienting its lander toward the sun for the solar panel to collect sunlight and charge its battery, the propulsion system problem threatened the spacecraft’s ability to achieve a soft landing on the moon. This unfortunate turn of events has brought to light the immense challenges and risks involved in lunar missions.

**Moon Landing: A Journey of Successes and Setbacks**

Historically, moon landings have been a mixture of successes and failures. While countries like the Soviet Union and the United States achieved successful moon landings in the past, there have also been instances of unsuccessful attempts. China and India, the latter with its Chandrayaan-3 mission, joined the elite group of nations to successfully land on the moon. Notably, the Chandrayaan-3 mission, which landed near the moon’s south pole in August 2023, showcased India’s capabilities in space exploration while operating on a budget of $75 million.

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On the other hand, several private missions by different countries, including Israel and Japan, have faced setbacks, highlighting the complexities involved in achieving controlled touchdowns on the moon. With the absence of an atmosphere that would allow the use of parachutes, spacecraft must navigate treacherous terrain using only their thrusters to slow descent, making moon landings an incredibly challenging feat.

**The Complexity of Soft Landings on the Moon**

A soft landing is a crucial phase in any moon mission, where the spacecraft must touch down in a controlled manner. Achieving this requires the spacecraft’s speed to gradually decrease until it nearly touches the lunar surface at a minimal speed. ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 successfully executed a soft landing, reducing its speed to zero as it approached the moon’s surface. Furthermore, ISRO’s decision to move Chandrayaan-3’s propulsion module out of lunar orbit and place it high above Earth for a bonus mission demonstrates forward-thinking and strategic planning in utilizing leftover fuel effectively.

As we navigate the complexities and challenges associated with moon missions, it is essential to acknowledge the uncertainties and unpredictability that come with venturing into the realm of outer space. While setbacks may occur, they serve as valuable learning opportunities, driving innovation and pushing the boundaries of what is achievable in space exploration.

**Conclusion**

In light of the recent setback faced by Astrobotic Technology’s moon landing mission, it is imperative to recognize the complexities and risks inherent in lunar exploration. Additionally, the success of ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 mission serves as a testament to India’s prowess in space exploration and its ability to overcome the challenges associated with moon landings. Moving forward, continued innovation, perseverance, and a commitment to learning from setbacks will be crucial in advancing our understanding of the moon and unlocking its mysteries.

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