NEW YORK (AP) — Barrett Sturdy, one among Motown’s founding artists and most gifted songwriters who sang lead on the corporate’s breakthrough single “Cash (That’s What I Need)” and later collaborated with Norman Whitfield on such classics as “I Heard It By way of the Grapevine,” “Warfare” and “Papa Was a Rollin’ Stone,” has died. He was 81.
His dying was introduced Sunday on social media by the Motown Museum, which didn’t instantly present additional particulars.
“Barrett was not solely an incredible singer and piano participant, however he, alongside together with his writing associate Norman Whitfield, created an unimaginable physique of labor,” Motown founder Berry Gordy mentioned in a press release.
Sturdy had but to show 20 when he agreed to let his buddy Gordy, within the early days of constructing a recording empire in Detroit, handle him and launch his music. Inside a 12 months, he was part of historical past because the piano participant and vocalist for “Cash,” a million-seller launched early in 1960 and Motown’s first main hit. Sturdy by no means once more approached the success of “Cash” on his personal, and a long time later fought for acknowledgement that he helped write it. However, with Whitfield, he fashioned a productive and eclectic songwriting group.
Whereas Gordy’s “Sound of Younger America” was criticized for being too slick and repetitive, the Whitfield-Sturdy group turned out hard-hitting and topical works, together with such timeless ballads as “I Want It Would Rain” and “Simply My Creativeness (Operating Away with Me).” With “I Heard it By way of the Grapevine,” they offered an up-tempo, call-and-response hit for Gladys Knight and the Pips and a darkish, hypnotic ballad for Marvin Gaye, his 1968 model one among Motown’s all-time sellers.
As Motown turned extra politically acutely aware late within the decade, Barrett-Whitfield turned out “Cloud 9” and “Psychedelic Shack” for the Temptations and for Edwin Starr the protest anthem “Warfare” and its broadly quoted chorus, “Warfare! What’s it good for? Completely … nothing!”
“With ‘Warfare,’ I had a cousin who was a paratrooper that received harm fairly dangerous in Vietnam,” Sturdy instructed LA Weekly in 1999. “I additionally knew a man who used to sing with (Motown songwriter) Lamont Dozier that received hit by shrapnel and was crippled for all times. You speak about these items along with your households whenever you’re sitting at residence, and it conjures up you to say one thing about it.”
Whitfield-Sturdy’s different hits, largely for the Temptations, included “I Can’t Get Subsequent to You,” “That’s the Approach Love Is” and the Grammy-winning chart-topper “Papa Was a Rollin’ Stone” (Typically spelled “Papa Was a Rolling Stone”). Artists protecting their songs ranged from the Rolling Stones (“Simply My Creativeness”) and Aretha Franklin (“I Want It Would Rain”) to Bruce Springsteen (“Warfare”) and Al Inexperienced (“I Can’t Get Subsequent to You”).
Sturdy spent a part of the Sixties recording for different labels, left Motown once more within the early Seventies and made a handful of solo albums, together with “Stronghold” and “Love is You.” In 2004, he was voted into the Songwriters Corridor of Fame, which cited him as “a pivotal determine in Motown’s youth.”
The music of Sturdy and different Motown writers was later featured within the Broadway hit “Ain’t Too Proud: The Life and Occasions of the Temptations.”
Sturdy was born in West Level, Mississippi and moved to Detroit just a few years later. He was a self-taught musician who discovered piano while not having classes and, together with his sisters, fashioned an area gospel group, the Sturdy Singers. In his teenagers, he received to know such artists as Franklin, Smokey Robinson and Gordy, who was impressed together with his writing and piano enjoying. “Cash,” with its opening shout, “The most effective issues in life are free/However you may give them to the birds and bees,” would, sarcastically, result in a battle — over cash.
Sturdy was initially listed among the many writers and he typically spoke of developing with the pounding piano riff whereas jamming on Ray Charles’ “What’d I Say” within the studio. However solely a long time later would he be taught that Motown had since eliminated his identify from the credit, costing him royalties for a well-liked customary coated by the Beatles, the Rolling Stones and lots of others and a souvenir on John Lennon’s residence jukebox. Sturdy’s authorized argument was weakened as a result of he had taken so lengthy to ask for his identify to be reinstated. (Gordy is likely one of the music’s credited writers, and his legal professionals contended Sturdy’s identify solely appeared due to a clerical error).
“Songs outlive individuals,” Sturdy instructed The New York Occasions in 2013. “The true motive Motown labored was the publishing. The data had been only a automobile to get the songs on the market to the general public. The true cash is within the publishing, and when you’ve got publishing, then grasp on to it. That’s what it’s all about. For those who give it away, you’re gifting away your life, your legacy. When you’re gone, these songs will nonetheless be enjoying.”