What is 6G Vision Document: Internet is the most important weapon in the era of information technology. Internet speed plays an important role in how quickly we access any information. For this reason, experts and governments are working day and night to upgrade the technology that provides fast data. 5G was launched in the country at the end of last year and now it is the turn of 6G. Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled the 6G Vision Document, in which it has been said to start 6G telecom services in India by 2030. Special content is presented specially for you with the investigation of vision document and various aspects related to it-
There may have been a delay in the launch of 5G in the country, but preparations for 6G have already started. Last week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the India 6G Vision Document, in which a target was set to launch the sixth generation, i.e. 6G, telecom services in the country by 2030. Along with this, he also launched 6G Research and Development Test Bed. These documents will prove helpful in the launch of 6G technology in the country and rapid adaptation of new technology.
The vision document states that in the 6G mission, the country will involve all stakeholders including industry, academia and service providers in theoretical and simulation studies and identify priority areas for research. The document also states that currently the total annual purchase of smartphones is more than 16 crore for about 30 crore Indian households. This means that today every household is buying a smartphone according to the average of one phone in two years. The same amount is being spent annually on two-wheelers as well. Today, for an Indian, his personal smartphone has become more valuable than his personal vehicle.
What is 6G Telecom Network?
The sixth generation of telecommunications networks, ie 6G, is a technology for cellphones that will provide internet speeds of up to one terabyte (TB) per second with ultra-low latency. It will facilitate machine-to-machine and machine-to-human interaction and promote the development of virtual and augmented reality and artificial intelligence. The sixth generation network technology will be advanced from the previous generation, i.e. 5G. Here the advancement of generation means the advancement of technology. As cellular mobile technology advances, its data speeds keep improving. Along with this, other features including security also get upgraded.
How is it different from 5G?
Technically 6G may not yet exist, but it is envisioned as a better technology, whose speed will be 100 times higher than that of 5G. 5G technology has an average speed range of 40 to 1100 Mbps, potentially reaching maximum speeds of 10,000 Mbps through techniques such as millimeter wave spectrum and beamforming.
6G will be able to provide high rate data
The sixth generation of mobile communication technology is expected to enable improved access to essential information, resources and services. 6G will provide data at a higher rate of one terabyte per second, which means faster internet speeds and no network drops. A 6G user will be able to access a host of other features including 6G digital twins, holograms and truly immersive Extended Reality applications. According to the vision document, 6G networks will be mainly used in remote controlled factories, self-driving cars and smart wearables. Not only this, with the commencement of this service, it is expected to reduce the difference in regional and social infrastructure and employment opportunities. In this sense, it will reduce the migration from rural areas to cities and metros. Apart from this, through this technology, more than a hundred movies can be downloaded in a minute. It is considered to be the first technology to integrate between terrestrial and non-terrestrial networks. Which means that the same device will be able to work for multiple technologies. It will be able to connect billions of machines and devices. Thus it will bring a big revolutionary change in both the virtual and physical world.
advantage of test bed
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has also launched 6G test bed along with 6G vision document. With the help of this test bed, industry, academic institutions and other platforms will be able to test this technology being developed. The government has also said that the India 6G vision document and 6G test bed will prove to be helpful in enabling the country to innovate, build capacity and adopt new technology faster.
The Modi government plans to implement the 6G project in two phases. An apex council has been appointed to oversee the project and work on all issues related to standardization of 6G, identification of spectrum for its use, finance for research and development, preparation of an ecosystem for the system. In the first phase of the project, support will be given to test innovative ideas, risky routes and proof of concepts. In addition, to fully develop ideas and concepts that are eligible for acceptance by the global peer community, determine their uses and benefits, and create implementation IP and test beds for Phase II commercialization. Will be helped adequately.
6G project will be implemented in two phases
Apex council will help in research of technology
The Apex Council appointed to oversee the 6G project will facilitate and finance research and development, design and development of 6G technology through Indian start-ups, companies, research bodies and universities. The document states that the council will primarily focus on new technologies such as terahertz communication, radio interfaces, textile internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new encoding methods for 6G devices, and waveform chipsets.
Recommend to open the band
According to the vision document, the government will have to explore the shared use of spectrum, especially the high frequency bands for 6G. Along with revaluation and rationalization of congested spectrum bands, it will also have to adopt captive networks for use in Industry 4.0 and Enterprise. The document has also recommended opening up of some bands to generate demand. For example 450-460 MHz, 526-612 MHz, 31-31.3 GHz etc. At the same time, to meet the needs of 5G and 6G technology, there is a need to expand and place the relatively large mid-band. For this, many bands need to be used in another item, as has been done before and for this a new inter-ministerial process needs to be started again.
10,000 crore fund for research and innovation
To provide funds for research and innovation on 6G, the document has recommended the creation of a fund of Rs 10,000 crore for the next 10 years. Funds will be raised for this fund through grants, loans, VC funds, fund of funds. The document recommends two levels of grants. Grants up to Rs 20 crore will be given to meet small and medium scale needs and more than Rs 20 crore for high impact projects.
Aim to make each person self-reliant
According to the document, the India 6G mission is fully aligned with the vision of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’. It wants to empower every Indian, so that he can become self-reliant. Not only this, the project also ensures that India takes its rightful place in the world as a leading supplier of advanced telecom technologies and solutions that are affordable and contribute to the betterment of the world. Also, it aims to enable India to be a major global supplier of intellectual property and products.
India’s role in international bodies
The document states that India can play a bigger role in international bodies like 3GPP, ITU, IEC and IEEE to decide on standardization of 6G and related technologies.
caution has to be taken
According to the vision document, while 6G promises growth, it has to be balanced with sustainability, as most of the communication equipment supporting 6G will be battery-powered and could emit significant amounts of greenhouse gases. In such a situation, there will be a need to use it carefully.
start of 5g service
5G service was launched in India on October 1 last year. Currently, only Reliance Jio and Airtel are 5G service providers in India.
How is the situation in other countries
Apart from India, many countries of the world are working on providing 6G technology. A look at the situation of some major countries…
This country has unveiled a 6G research and development plan with an investment of Rs 1200 crores till 2025 under the first phase. It aims to become a global leader, develop key fundamental technologies, make significant contributions to international standards and patents, and create a strong foundation for 6G research and industry. To meet this objective, dedicated research centers have been opened in the country, working closely with Korean intellectual property.
In this country the Integrated Optical and Wireless Network (IOWN) Forum has published its white paper Vision 2030 for 6G. In this, important technical guidelines have been set for the development of infrastructure in four dimensions – cognitive capacity, responsiveness, scalability and energy efficiency (Cognitive Capacity, Responsiveness, Scalability and Energy Efficiency).
Work on 6G is also going on in China. The country expects the next-generation 6G network to support connectivity as well as sensing and AI, ensuring security through design throughout the network.
European 6G Vision has identified key features of this network in the continent and is currently working on a research project named Hexa-X. This project will end at the end of this year.
America has launched ‘Next G Alliance’ to provide 6G service. This alliance includes Apple, AT&T, Qualcomm, Google and Samsung.
some important facts
1g The network was started in 1979. At that time only voice calls could be made through this network. It was FDMA based technology and its maximum speed was 2.4Kbps.
2G The network started in 1991. In this, the maximum speed of download and upload was 64 Kbps. In this, along with email, the facility of web browsing was also available.
3G The network was launched in 1998. The data speed in this was two Mbps. After its arrival, facilities like video calls, file transfer, internet, email became available along with voice calls.
4G The network was developed in 2000 itself, but its use started in 2007. In the year 2008, LTE technology of this network came to the fore. Currently only 4G LTE service is available in the country. Its upload speed is one Gbps, while download is 100 Mbps.
Presentation: Aarti Srivastava
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